Cameroonian Refugees in Cross Rive State
Nigeria

Cameroonian refugees in Nigeria

A little-known exodus has been taking place for more than a year in western Africa as tens of thousands of people flee the North-West and South-West regions of Cameroon to seek refuge in southern Nigeria’s Cross River State. Teams from MSF have launched an emergency response to provide aid to the refugees and the communities hosting them.

The political strife in the South-West and North-West Regions of Cameroon from late 2016, were triggered by disputes around the judicial and education systems in the Regions. The fighting further escalated in October 2017 as secessionist armed forces claiming for an independent state were confronted by the National Army.

By December 2018, UN-OCHA noted that intensified violence had led to the internal displacement of over 437,500 persons in the North-West and South-West regions of Cameroon. In Cross River State- as of the end of December 2018, -UNHCR reported above 32,000 Cameroonians recorded as refugees.

"I host a group of Cameroonian refugees in my house. They have been living here for more than a year now. Some of the people are now in the camps in Benue State and in Ogoja, others are still in the villages, living with the Nigerian community. All the communities here, in Cross River State, are very hospitable and friendly towards the refugees from southern Cameroon." Augustine Eka, 46 years old

Adagom refugee settlement, run by UNHCR was established in August 2018 to host some of the Cameroonian refugees living in local communities around Cross River. In early December 2018, it hosted more than 6,400 refugees that were relocated there from communities.

General view of the Adagom refugee settlement, run by UNHCR on the outskirts of Adagom village, in Cross River State.
Adagom refugee settlement, Cross River State
"Back in Cameroon, I lived in Bamenda, one of the largest cities in the North-West region. I was a computer engineer and a teacher. I don’t know when this strife will end, but I know that I lost everything. Now I live with my family in this refugee camp, but life is tough. We all live together in a very small tent." Gmoltee Bochum Boers (31 years old) was transferred from Ikom to the settlement with his family, after the settlement was established in August 2018.
Albert Masias
Adagom refugee settlement, Cross River State
Lydia Ochin (40 years old) from Akwaya, Cameroon.
Albert Masias
"I escaped from my country in October 2017. I have lived with my family, my husband and my children, in Adagom refugee camp since August 2018. Life in the camp is not easy. I live here with my husband, who is sick with tuberculosis, and my children. Eight people living inside a small tent. Now that my health is getting better, the biggest challenge is food. We do not have money to buy food on our own and all we eat is the rice that is given to us." Lydia from Akwaya, Cameroon
Adagom refugee settlement, Cross River State
“I came to Nigeria in March 2018 and I have been living in Adagom camp for more than two months. I suffer from diabetes, but when we fled Cameroon, I could not take my medicine with me, so my condition got a lot worse. Luckily, now an MSF doctor is taking care of me and giving me my medication. I feel better now and my skin is returning to normal. I want to thank him so much and all the people that are making this possible, that are helping us with our health. When this unrest is over and I feel better, I am ready to go back in Cameroon, back to my home.” Justine (27 years old) from Akwaya, Cameroon.
Albert Masias

MSF Emergency response

MSF Cross River project started with WASH activities in Obanliku and Boki Local Government Areas (LGAs), namely boreholes and latrines. Medical activities started in the last week of July 2018 with an outpatient clinic at the Comprehensive Health Centre (CHC) in Ikom to serve both the host and refugee community. MSF now operates six mobile clinics namely Adagom, Agbokim, Amana, Bashu, Biajua, and Danare spread across 5 LGAs of Obanlinku, Boki, Ikom, Ogoja and Etung. Addittionally, MSF has dug 6 new boreholes, and repaired 28 hand pumps on existing wells/boreholes in 11 communities.

WASH activities, such as installing and maintaining boreholes, hand-operated pumps and latrines, began when the project opened in June 2018. They were identified as an urgent need for local communities because of the increasing number of refugees living in the area.

MSF intervention in Cross River State

In 2018 MSF has carried out 7,140 total primary healthcare consultations 60% of whom (4,318) were refugees. Many consultations are for respiratory diseases and skin diseases such as scabies, both related to difficult living conditions in the villages and in the camps where refugees are staying. MSF medical staffs are also treating patients for chronic diseases such as hypertension and diabetes; for malaria, which is mostly endemic in the country; and for patients needing surgery for traumatic and non-traumatic injuries.

Abgokim clinic
Agbokim is a village of around 17,200 people, which hosts approximately 1,200 refugees from Cameroon. The clinic is one of six locations currently supported by MSF in response to the increase in consultations since the refugees arrived in the area.
Albert Masias
Abgokim clinic
Catherine, aged 23, is a health promoter supervisor at MSF’s project in Nigeria’s Cross River State. “My name is Catherine, I am 23 years old and I am from Onitsha in Nigeria. I have worked for MSF since August 2017 and now support the MSF health promotion team in Cross River State as a Health Promotion Supervisor. I do health promotion activities in the communities where MSF works. I train and supervise the work of the community health workers. I talk very much with people from the village as I see what is happening here in Cross River State, with the influx of Cameroonian refugees.”
Albert Masias
Adagom clinic, Adagom village, Cross River State
Elizabeth with her children, David and Samuel, collecting drugs after a medical consultation in the clinic. Elizabeth is Nigerian and her husband is from Cameroon.
Albert Masias
Abgokim clinic
Dr Nepo during a consultation at the Abgokim clinic.
Albert Masias
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