Second cylone Emnati hit Mananjary

Cyclones cut people off from healthcare in eastern Madagascar

Between 5 and 22 February, cyclones Batsirai and Emnati hit the east coast of Madagascar, destroying numerous healthcare centres. More than 150,000 people have been affected. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) emergency teams are struggling to reach isolated rural areas where people have very limited access to healthcare and other essential services.

It takes almost two hours for the MSF emergency team to cover the 20 kilometres that separate the city of Mananjary – where they have been based since Cyclone Batsirai hit on 5 February – from the village of Mahatsara Lefaka. There, the roof of the healthcare centre has been ripped off, along with the solar panels that provided its electricity.

“Before the cyclones and the destruction of the health centre, there were consultations every day here,” explains Nicole Vololoniaina, a midwife who has been working at the healthcare centre for 18 months. “Today is the first time that I have come back in three weeks.”

Mananjary destroyed after Batsirai cyclone
The women of a family sit on what is left of their house, destroyed by Cyclone Batsirai. Mananjary, Madagascar, February 2022.
Ahmed Takiddine Sadouly/MSF

She is accompanying the MSF team as they provide consultations to the many residents who have come to the village school, where the medical team have installed a mobile clinic. For nearly a month, local people have not had any access to healthcare.

Among the 37 people seen was a nine-month-old baby who had an infected abscess; his leg was wounded in two places, and without antibiotics he risked septic shock.

“The abscess is a complication of the original wound,” said Dr Johnson Heritiana, who works with MSF. “His condition has deteriorated, because he has not been able to get any care.”

“His parents took him to a pharmacy in Mananjary where they paid for three doses of antibiotics,” continues Dr Heritiana. “The treatment was insufficient, but after the cyclone their priority was to rebuild the roof of their house and to find water and food. They don’t have the means to pay for any new medical treatment.”

The baby and his parents were taken by the MSF team to Sainte-Anne Hospital, in Mananjary, where he was admitted for treatment.

Many people were injured during the first cyclone by the wood and the sheet metal that was ripped off by the wind... People who didn’t have any shelter fell ill. Nicole Vololoniaina, midwife in Mahatsara Lefaka

Rebuilding twice

Most people affected by this most recent cyclone had managed to repair their houses after Cyclone Batsirai. But construction materials have become rare and expensive, and today they do not have the money necessary to rebuild their houses a second time.

“Many people were injured during the first cyclone by the wood and the sheet metal that was ripped off by the wind,” says Vololoniaina. “People who didn’t have any shelter fell ill; they coughed, and we saw that people also had diarrhoea because they were drinking polluted water from the river.”

The MSF team also treated people with respiratory infections, malaria, and chronic diseases.
“Of 19 people tested, 11 were positive for malaria – and that’s only the people that were presenting symptoms,” says Dr Heritiana. “It’s the season where normally we see a peak in malaria, but the pools of stagnant water that have collected after the cyclones have aggravated the situation.”

Mahatsara Iefaka after Emnati cylone hit Madagascar
A man consults an MSF doctor, after MSF teams set up a mobile clinic to provide healthcare to residents. The local healthcare centre was severely damaged by two cyclones. Mahatsara Lefaka, Madagascar, February 2022.
Alice Gotheron/MSF

An already precarious situation

In the district of Mananjary, access to water, food and other essential services was already difficult even before these two catastrophic cyclones.

“We have identified around 20 malnourished children in the village,” says Vololoniaina, the midwife. “As treatment isn’t available in our health centre, we have to refer them to Mananjary. It takes more than three hours to walk to the city, and many people don’t go because they think that they will have to pay for care.”  

The difficulties for access to care are not new in the region, but the destruction of the health centre and damage to the main road has further isolated the village of Mahatsara Lefaka. NGOs are struggling to send staff and supplies there and must use all methods of transport available, from walking to canoes, to get there and evaluate the needs.

Other, even more remote, areas are further deprived of humanitarian assistance and telecommunications are still not available in numerous places. MSF teams have carried out more than 250 consultations in rural areas of Mananjary district since the beginning of our intervention, in addition to more than 100 consultations per day in tents set up by our team at the Mananjary public hospital, which was destroyed by Cyclone Batsirai.

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