Bosnia and Herzegovina
As new routes open in the northern Balkans, more than 4,000 migrants and refugees are currently sheltering in informal camps and squats along the Bosnian border with Croatia.
This is a new situation for Bosnia and Herzegovina, which before 2018 had not seen significant numbers of people transiting through the country as part of the so-called Balkan route.
They are coming from Pakistan, Afghanistan, Syria, Iraq and beyond. Their objective, as for all along the Balkan route, is to flee conflict and poverty in their countries of origin and search for better living conditions for them and their families.
Living conditions in the informal settlements remain alarmingly inadequate, especially as winter looms, and we expect people will be faced with the same cycle of problematic issues that have plagued other spots along the Balkan route.