Currently, Tanzania hosts around 238,000 refugees and asylum seekers, mainly from neighbouring Burundi. Since February 2021, MSF’s support has focused on specialised and secondary healthcare with the aim of improving the quality of care for refugees and Tanzanian host communities.
MSF has also responded to several emergencies in the country including floods.
Our activities in 2020 in Tanzania
Data and information from the International Activity Report 2020.
After violence erupted in Burundi in 2015, thousands of people fled into Tanzania. In 2020, some 20,000 returned home, but more than 147,000 are still living there in camps, as they do not believe that they would be safe in their country. Restrictions on movement outside the camps prevent them from seeking work, forcing them to rely solely on ever-dwindling humanitarian assistance. The refugee response in Tanzania is one of the most chronically underfunded in the world.
MSF remains the main healthcare provider in Nduta camp, one of three camps hosting refugees in Kigoma. Four health posts linked to a hospital help to cover the medical needs of nearly 70,000 refugees in the camp and around 20,000 people from surrounding villages.
MSF teams offer health services for women and children, including care and counselling for victims of sexual and gender-based violence, as well as mental health consultations and treatment for tuberculosis, HIV and a range of non-communicable diseases.
We run paediatric and adult wards at the hospital, serving both refugees and host communities. We also assist deliveries in our maternity room, and facilitate emergency surgical and obstetrical referrals to the nearby government hospital.
Throughout 2020, we supported emergency preparedness and response activities. We ran a 100-bed COVID-19 quarantine facility in Nduta camp and trained more than 430 staff to respond to a potential outbreak. In April, following floods in Lindi, on the country’s southeastern coast, our teams donated medicines to prevent and treat malaria, acute diarrhoea and dehydration. In May, we organised a measles vaccination campaign after an outbreak in the camp.