1 year of COVID-19 interventions
MSF has worked with refugees and migrants in Belgium since 2017. Our teams are currently responding to the COVID-19 pandemic in the country.

Our response in Belgium to the new coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic is the largest ever in the country. Teams are working in nursing homes and providing medical care to homeless people with COVID-19.

Our work with refugees and asylum seekers involves providing mental health screening, counselling and psychoeducation in three reception centres and a number of individual housing projects in Charleroi and Roeselare.

Together with a number of other organisations, we set up a ‘humanitarian hub’ at the Gare du Nord, near Maximilian Park, in Brussels. Here, our psychologists offer counselling and mental health support as part of a complete package of services for migrants and refugees in transit.

Our activities in 2020 in Belgium

Data and information from the International Activity Report 2020

MSF in Belgium in 2020 In 2020, MSF launched our largest intervention in Belgium to date to support the people most vulnerable to COVID-19.
Map of MSF activities in 2020 in Belgium

The focus of the authorities’ response was on maintaining hospitals’ capacity to admit COVID-19 patients. Consequently, staff and patients in nursing homes were left to fend for themselves. In March, in response to the high number of deaths from the virus in nursing homes – which account for more than half the total in Belgium – MSF sent mobile teams to assist with health promotion and infection prevention and control. Working in 135 nursing homes across three regions, we also offered psychological support to staff. 

Following this intervention, which ended in June, we published a report, Left behind in the time of COVID-19, and submitted our recommendations to the relevant authorities.  

When the number of cases rose again in October, we resumed our activities in nursing homes, especially in Flanders and Brussels. Several of our team in the capital volunteered to support the daily running of the nursing homes during the second wave, as many were understaffed and the employees completely exhausted. 

Migrants and homeless people
During the pandemic, we collaborated with two local organisations to set up a 150-bed reception and accommodation facility for vulnerable people in the centre of Brussels. The project provided a place for them to self-isolate, receive medical follow-up and, if necessary, be transferred to a hospital. These activities ended in June.  

In October, at the onset of the second wave, we opened a new centre in a hotel in the Marolles district of Brussels, where we offered shelter and medical care to homeless patients who were COVID-19 positive or at risk of contagion. 

In addition, MSF outreach teams assisted people with or at risk of COVID-19 living in squats, and ran health promotion and infection prevention and control activities in shelters for homeless people and migrants.  

In the humanitarian hub in Brussels, where we have been offering mental healthcare to migrants since 2017, we opened a clinic in April for patients requiring a longer follow-up period. 

COVID-19 support in hospitals 
During the first wave, MSF assisted two hospitals in Hainaut and Antwerp provinces, by expanding their inpatient capacity with extra staff and providing technical support and training on IPC measures. 


in 2020
MSF Mobile Team in retiry home in Brussels

Left behind in the time of COVID-19

Report 17 Jul 2020
MSF Mobile Team in retiry home in Brussels
Coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic

Why protecting and supporting staff in care homes during COVID-19 is so vital

Voices from the Field 24 Apr 2020
MSF intervention in care homes
Coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic

Out of view, but not out of mind: MSF's response to COVID-19 in care homes

Project Update 24 Apr 2020
COVID-19 Project in Brussels, Belgium

COVID-19: MSF launches our largest ever response in Belgium

Project Update 3 Apr 2020
MSF starts COVID-19 coronavirus activities in France
Coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic

MSF steps up COVID-19 response in Europe

Press Release 30 Mar 2020
Mediterranean migration

EU leaders orchestrating humanitarian crisis on Europe’s shores

Press Release 23 Jun 2015

MSF Belgium

HUB Brussels