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MSF has worked with migrants and other vulnerable people in Belgium since 2017.

For the past few years, we have offered mental health care for migrants in Brussels. Today, our psychologists offer counselling and mental health support as part of a complete package of services for migrants and refugees transiting in Belgium. 

In 2021, we noticed an increasing number of unaccompanied minors left on the streets of Brussels. In October, we decided to open a reception centre in collaboration with partners. More than 300 young migrants found protection, orientation through the programme.   

Following the reception crisis of 2022 and the dire situation of asylum seekers left on the streets of Brussels, we opened a mobile clinic in September, where women, children and men can access medical and psychological care. 

Our activities in 2023 in Belgium

Data and information from the International Activity Report 2023

MSF in Belgium in 2023 The Belgian authorities’ consistent failure to provide sufficient shelter and access to services for people seeking international protection is leading to destitution and increased vulnerability to preventable diseases.
Belgium IAR map 2023

In 2023, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) continued, in collaboration with other NGOs, to work in the humanitarian hub in Brussels, where we conducted psychological consultations. Patients needing more specialised care were invited to make an appointment with psychologists in our mental health clinic.

Our outreach teams in Brussels assisted people experiencing homelessness and migrants living in squats and shelters by providing medical and mental health consultations, health promotion, and infection prevention and control activities. During the year, we expanded these activities to support people living in camps, squats or other precarious conditions in Wallonia.

We also established a network of medical volunteers to offer medical care in detention centres across the country, enabling detainees to obtain a second medical opinion.

In early 2023, we handed over to the Red Cross the temporary medical clinic we had been running in front of the Immigration Office in Brussels, thereby ensuring availability of care for migrants and asylum seekers in the city. We also organised a second vaccination catch-up campaign, to curb the rising number of vaccine-preventable diseases among people living in squats and on the streets.

As well as providing these direct services for patients, MSF scaled up advocacy efforts, calling for adequate access to care for all people, for the Belgian authorities to adhere to national and international laws concerning the protection and care of applicants for international protection, and for people in detention centres to receive proper access to second medical opinions.


in 2023
MSF Mobile Team in retiry home in Brussels

Left behind in the time of COVID-19

Report 17 Jul 2020
MSF Mobile Team in retiry home in Brussels
Coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic

Why protecting and supporting staff in care homes during COVID-19 is so vital

Voices from the Field 24 Apr 2020
MSF intervention in care homes
Coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic

Out of view, but not out of mind: MSF's response to COVID-19 in care homes

Project Update 24 Apr 2020
COVID-19 Project in Brussels, Belgium

COVID-19: MSF launches our largest ever response in Belgium

Project Update 3 Apr 2020
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Coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic

MSF steps up COVID-19 response in Europe

Press Release 30 Mar 2020
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MSF Belgium

HUB Brussels