Geneva/Nairobi - More than 270,000 refugees who have fled war in Somalia are facing such alarming shortages of food, water and adequate shelter in severely overcrowded camps in northern Kenya that many are considering returning to the Somali war zone, the international medical humanitarian organization Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) said today.
An estimated 5,000 people arrive monthly to the Dagahaley, Ifo, and Hagadera camps located in the Kenyan border town of Dadaab, which are operated by the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR). Health and nutrition surveys carried out by MSF in April in the Dagahaley Camp, where the organization provides medical services, reveal high levels of acute malnutrition among a population already facing dwindling food aid rations.
“The situation is simply scandalous” said Joke Van Peteghem, MSF head of mission in Kenya. “These refugees have risked everything to escape the fighting in Somalia. Now some are telling us they would rather take their chances in Mogadishu than die slowly here. Aid agencies are present in the camps but are not able to meet the immense and rapidly growing needs of this war weary population. We need action now!”
Since Kenya has officially closed its border with Somalia the registration process is disorganized and far too slow, medical screenings and distribution of basic supplies are not working properly.
A delegation from the UNHCR and is visiting the camps today. MSF calls upon the UNHCR, international donors, and the Kenyan government to urgently address the lack of assistance and protection provided to arriving refugees and the dire living conditions in the camps.
For 18 years, people fleeing Somalia have settled in the Dadaab camps. Since the beginning of 2008, pushed by intense levels of violence in their country, more than 80,000 people arrived, swelling the combined camp populations to at least 270,000 people. Each camp can accommodate 30,000 people, but is home to roughly three times that number.
“The camps are public health time bombs,” said Donna Canali, a nurse who recently completed an assignment as MSF project coordinator in Dagahaley Camp. “The refugees, many of whom are already suffering from serious war-related injuries or illnesses, are packed together without the bare minimum to survive - water, food, shelter, and medical care. After all these people have endured, how can their most basic needs continue to be so woefully neglected?”
The recent MSF survey in Dagahaley Camp revealed a 22.3 percent prevalence of acute malnutrition among the population, well above what is considered the emergency threshold. The low level of food stocks in a World Food Program warehouse in Dadaab has led, until recently, to a 30 percent reduction of rations in the camps. Further support from donors is urgently needed to ensure that this situation does not happen again.
Water and sanitation services in the camps are also dangerously scarce. Some residents of Dagahaley Camp survive on as little as three litres of water per day. Additional boreholes must be dug immediately. Poorly maintained and insufficient latrines are increasing the threat of epidemics. Shelters are also totally inadequate. People are forced to construct makeshift structures and some live under trees. While plans are underway to construct a fourth camp, much more physical living space is needed to ensure basic needs are met.
MSF started to work in Dagahaley Camp, Dadaab, in March 2009 where it operates a primary health care clinic for 25,000 people living in two blocks of the camp’s estimated 91,000 inhabitants. It carries out 150 outpatient consultations per day and provides vaccination services and nutritional support to moderately and severely malnourished children.