Athens – For the second consecutive winter, authorities in Greece are trapping thousands of men, women and children on the Greek islands, leaving them on the brink of a humanitarian emergency, warns Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF). In response to this crisis, MSF is scaling up its emergency humanitarian intervention and is calling on EU and Greek authorities to open the islands and immediately move people to the mainland.
“In Lesvos, entire families who recently arrived from countries including Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq, are packed into small summer tents, under the rain and in low temperatures, struggling to keep dry and stay warm,” explained Aria Danika, MSF’s project coordinator in Lesvos. “People’s psychological conditions are shocking: in our mental health clinic, we receive an average of 10 patients with acute mental distress every day, including many who have tried to kill themselves or have self-harmed. The situation on the island was already terrible, but now it’s beyond desperate.”
Due to the restrictions imposed by the EU-Turkey deal, which blocks people on the islands, the camp of Moria on Lesvos is dangerously overcrowded. Currently, there are more than 7,000 people in a camp built for 2,300 people, with an average of 70 new arrivals from Turkey to Lesvos every day - the majority of whom are women and children. In the camp, there aren’t enough showers and toilets, little access to water, and whole families are sleeping in small two-person summer tents, which expose them to rain and cold temperatures. In Samos, 1,500 people are living in a camp designed for 700 people, and hundreds are sleeping under tents without any heating, and in poor hygiene conditions.
These horrendous living conditions pose a critical risk to people’s health and lives, and five people died in Moria last winter as a consequence of the living conditions inside the camp. The situation is particularly dangerous for small children who have limited ability to cope with such difficult weather conditions. This untenable situation is also provoking increased tension and desperation among the migrants and refugees, with local residents and authorities protesting that the islands are transformed into prisons.
MSF has opened a mobile clinic out of Moria for children under 16 and pregnant women to provide primary health care and treat pneumonia, hypothermia and other cold weather-related diseases in the most vulnerable population. MSF is also negotiating with Greek authorities in order to improve water and sanitation conditions in Lesvos and Samos.
“How can Greek and European authorities continue to believe that trapping people in these dire conditions will deter other refugees from coming?”, says Emilie Rouvroy, MSF Head of Mission in Greece. “Desperate people continue to arrive on the Greek islands every day after risking their lives in the Aegean Sea. This policy of cruelty imposed on vulnerable people in search of protection has failed and has to stop.”
“Recently, Greek authorities announced that 3,000 people will be moved off the islands by 10 December, but even if this limited evacuation plan actually takes place, in a few weeks we will end up in the same situation”, says Rouvroy. “It’s time to stop the containment policy on the islands and allow people to move where their humanitarian and protection needs can be addressed in a humane way.”
In Lesvos MSF has opened a mobile clinic just outside of Moria camp to respond to the most urgent needs of children of under-16 years and pregnant women. Teams have done an assessment and will propose additional support to Greek authorities in the coming days to improve water and sanitation conditions in Moria. MSF will also provide 8,000 blankets, 8,000 hygiene kits, 4,000 sleeping bags, 4,000 matrasses in Moria. Teams will increase access to mental health care in Lesvos to respond to the growing needs linked to the desperation of those stuck in Moria camp.
In Samos, MSF is negotiating with Greek authorities to be able to improve hygiene conditions, repair toilets and showers, as well as conduct pest control activities.