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Tabarak Allah hospital - Gedaref, Sudan
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Kala azar, or visceral leishmaniasis, is the second deadliest parasitic disease in the world – only malaria kills more people.

A neglected tropical disease, kala azar is caused by a parasite, spread to humans through the bite of infected female sand flies. It attacks the immune system and is almost always fatal if not treated.

Also known as visceral leishmaniasis, kala azar is the most serious form of leishmaniasis and is endemic in 76 countries, with hundreds of millions at risk of infection. There are between 50,000 and 90,000 new cases a year, about 90 per cent of which occur in Brazil, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan. Between 1989 and 2020, MSF teams treated nearly 150,000 people for kala azar; over a third in South Sudan.

Diagnosis and treatment of the disease, especially of the variety found in eastern Africa, can be complex and painful.

Kala azar

One year after opening a kala azar center in Sudan

Press Release 7 Mar 2011
Kala azar

Fighting kala azar in southern Sudan

Project Update 10 Feb 2011
South Sudan

Southern Sudan in grips of worst kala azar outbreak in eight years.

Press Release 16 Dec 2010

Slum conditions in Bangladesh pose health hazards, and malnutrition is a sign of other illnesses

Project Update 13 Oct 2010
South Sudan

MSF increases capacity in response to kala azar outbreak in South Sudan

Project Update 23 Aug 2010
Kala Azar treatment in Fulbaria

Hope for kala azar sufferers in Bangladesh

Press Release 18 Jun 2010
South Sudan

Facing up to reality: Health crisis deepens as violence escalates in Southern Sudan

Report 11 Dec 2009
South Sudan

MSF responds to serious kala azar outbreak in southern Sudan

Project Update 6 Nov 2009

The strain on the host families is tremendous: Internal displacement from the Swat valley

Project Update 28 Aug 2009

If you can prick a finger, you can test for kala azar

Project Update 9 Feb 2009

More dead than alive - surviving kala azar

Project Update 24 Jul 2008

MSF activities still remain high in southern Sudan

Project Update 8 Jan 2008
Advanced HIV management in Homa Bay
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We produce important research based on our field experience. So far, we have published articles in over 100 peer-reviewed journals. These articles have often changed clinical practice and have been used for humanitarian advocacy. All of these articles can be found on our dedicated Field Research website.

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