Central African Republic
Activities 2011 International Activity Report
Recorded death rates were particularly high in 2011, caused by a high prevalence of preventable, and treatable, diseases, a failed health system and years of conflict. Despite this, funding for health is declining. In the report State of Silent Crisis, published in 2011, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) called for greater medical assistance in the Central African Republic.
MSF works in five of the country’s 17 prefectures, supporting nine hospitals and 36 health centres, mainly in the more unstable border areas, where it can be very difficult for people to access healthcare.
In 2010, MSF’s team in Mambéré-Kadeï opened a new programme in the district of Carnot, providing paediatric healthcare and integrated tuberculosis (TB) and HIV treatment in the district hospital and four health posts. In 2011, MSF registered almost 520 new HIV patients and conducted 5,500 consultations.
Although Carnot is neither affected by conflict nor host to large numbers of displaced people, mortality surveys carried out in 2011 revealed death rates to be at least three times above the emergency threshold.
The emergency assistance programme in the town of Gadzi was handed over to authorities in October.
In Zémio, on the border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), MSF continued to assist people fleeing violence in the DRC, carrying out close to 31,000 medical consultations. Towards the end of the year, MSF started offering antiretroviral (ARV) treatment to people with HIV.
Supporting basic and specialist health services
In the town of Paoua, in Ouham-Pendé, an area recovering from conflict, an MSF team provides paediatric, surgical, maternal, emergency and outpatient services. As well as conducting 18,900 outpatient consultations and admitting more than 2,700 patients to the hospital, staff carried out consultations at seven health centres in the surrounding area.
Teams provide similar services in places still beset by insecurity and violence. In the neighbouring prefecture of Ouham, at Batangafo, Boguila and Kabo hospitals, staff carried out some 16,700 consultations, admitted 940 inpatients and assisted more than 180 births every month. At Boguila, MSF regularly organises ‘surgical camps’, in which a team visits for a limited period to perform specialist surgery that would not otherwise be available in the area. Staff also work in 14 health posts around the hospitals.
MSF confirmed that sleeping sickness (human African trypanosomiasis) has been brought under control in the Maitikoulou area. Sleeping sickness is a parasitic infection transmitted by the tsetse fly, and it is usually fatal without treatment. MSF showed that prevalence had fallen to below 0.5 per cent. The team carried out more than 56,000 general medical consultations and 35,000 antenatal consultations, before closing some health posts and handing management of Maitikoulou hospital over to the Ministry of Health.
In Ndele, the capital of Bamingui-Bangoran prefecture, an MSF team is providing medical assistance to both displaced people and local residents. Surgeons performed an average of 14 operations per month at the hospital. Teams also ran mobile clinics and worked in five health centres.
At the end of 2011, MSF had 1,341 staff in the Central African Republic. MSF has worked in the country since 1996.
Finances 2011 International Financial Report
|Concept||In thousands of €|
|Indirect supply costs||379|
|Locally hired staff||4845|
|Operational running expenses||877|
|Medical and nutrition||3214|
|Logistics and sanitation||602|
|Transport, freight and storage||2690|
|Training and local support||33|
|Consultants and field support||116|
|Private and public institutional grants||-|
|Concept||In thousands of €|
|Public institutional income||3993|
|Funding of field-related costs||17403|
|Private and other income||13410|
|Humanitarian Aid Office of the European Commission (ECHO)||1203|
|ECHO and EU institutions||1203|
|Danish Agency for Development Assistance (DANIDA)||5|
|Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) - Germany||758|
|Governments - Spain||2|
|Municipalities and regional councils - Spain||200|
|Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA)||1107|
|Non-EU European governments||-|
|Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA)||718|
|North American governments||718|
|Concept||In full-time equivalents|
|Locally hired staff||1244|