Nigeria

UPDATE: 18 November 2016

The conflict in Borno State started in 2009 when Boko Haram launched attacks in Bauchi, Borno, Yobe and Kano. By 2014, Boko Haram controlled large swathes of territory in Borno State.

In 2015, Nigeria elected a new President who vowed to take back control of territory from Boko Haram and also stamp out corruption in the country. Since then the Nigerian army has been engaged in fighting with Boko Haram, including by launching airstrikes that began in 2016, in areas under Boko Haram control. The army has now taken back many cities and villages and is securing them. 

The nature of the conflict between the Nigerian army and Boko Haram has changed to include military assistance from the neighbouring countries of Chad, Cameroon and Niger.

Boko Haram has carried out and continues to carry out attacks, suicide bombings and incursions in Borno State and also in neighbouring countries. As a result of the conflict, 1.8 million people are currently displaced in northeastern Nigeria, including an estimated 1.1 million in Maiduguri alone; 4.4 million people are food insecure according to OCHA.

Read the latest Nigeria crisis update (November 2016)

Activities  2015 International Activity Report

Insecurity and suicide attacks by insurgents led to further displacement, increasing the need for medical and humanitarian aid in Nigeria in 2015.

Over two million Nigerians have been displaced across the northeast of the country, largely as a result of brutal violence linked to Boko Haram. Rural communities have been devastated. The population of Maiduguri, capital of Borno state, has more than doubled with the influx of internally displaced people, which has overwhelmed basic services in the city. Despite a significant military presence, insecurity remains high, with Maiduguri targeted in repeated suicide bomb attacks, and people are afraid to return home.

MSF has been providing healthcare to people displaced by violence, as well the host community in and around Maiduguri, since mid-2014. In 2015, around 10,000 outpatient consultations were carried out across four sites (two in the camps, two in the community) each month. Nearly a quarter of the patients presented with respiratory tract infections. In May, the team started offering maternal healthcare, and by the end of the year had seen more than 16,200 women for at least one antenatal consultation and assisted 1,330 deliveries. More than 5,900 children attended the nutrition programme, and from June, an inpatient paediatric unit admitted around 100 children each month. MSF started providing emergency services at Maiduguri’s Umaru Sheu hospital in October, and emergency surgery by the end of the year.

Towards the end of 2015, in Kukerita camp, Yobe state, an MSF team undertook 2,000 outpatient consultations, referred complicated cases for further care, and provided six million litres of clean drinking water to displaced people. Antenatal care was also provided. In addition, MSF worked to rehabilitate the local healthcare centre in Kukerita, which was supplied with a generator to ensure power around the clock.

Read more about MSF's activities in Nigeria in 2015.

Year MSF first worked in the country: 1971.

2015 Key figures
Meningitis vaccinations in response to an outbreak 224,600
Outpatient consultations 33,500
Patients treated for malaria 18,100
Births assisted 9,200
Surgical interventions 2,400
No. staff in 2015 655
2015 Expenditure €17.2 million

Figures from 2015 International Activity Report
and 2015 International Financial Report

 

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