UPDATE: 28 September 2016
The conflict in Borno State started in 2009 when Boko Haram launched attacks in Bauchi, Borno, Yobe and Kano. By 2014, Boko Haram controlled large swathes of territory in Borno State.
In 2015, Nigeria elected a new President who vowed to take back control of territory from Boko Haram and also stamp out corruption in the country. Since then the Nigerian army has been engaged in fighting with Boko Haram, including by launching airstrikes that began in 2016, in areas under Boko Haram control. The army has now taken back many cities and villages and is securing them.
Boko Haram, also known as Islamic State West Africa Province (ISWAP), has carried out and continues to carry out attacks, suicide bombings and incursions in Borno State and also in neighbouring countries. As a result of the conflict, 2.7 million people are displaced across the four countries (Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad and Niger) according to Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
Activities 2015 International Activity Report
Insecurity and suicide attacks by insurgents led to further displacement, increasing the need for medical and humanitarian aid in Nigeria in 2015.
Over two million Nigerians have been displaced across the northeast of the country, largely as a result of brutal violence linked to the Islamic State’s West Africa Province (ISWAP), also known as Boko Haram. Rural communities have been devastated. The population of Maiduguri, capital of Borno state, has more than doubled with the influx of internally displaced people, which has overwhelmed basic services in the city. Despite a significant military presence, insecurity remains high, with Maiduguri targeted in repeated suicide bomb attacks, and people are afraid to return home.
MSF has been providing healthcare to people displaced by violence, as well the host community in and around Maiduguri, since mid-2014. In 2015, around 10,000 outpatient consultations were carried out across four sites (two in the camps, two in the community) each month. Nearly a quarter of the patients presented with respiratory tract infections. In May, the team started offering maternal healthcare, and by the end of the year had seen more than 16,200 women for at least one antenatal consultation and assisted 1,330 deliveries. More than 5,900 children attended the nutrition programme, and from June, an inpatient paediatric unit admitted around 100 children each month. MSF started providing emergency services at Maiduguri’s Umaru Sheu hospital in October, and emergency surgery by the end of the year.
Towards the end of 2015, in Kukerita camp, Yobe state, an MSF team undertook 2,000 outpatient consultations, referred complicated cases for further care, and provided six million litres of clean drinking water to displaced people. Antenatal care was also provided. In addition, MSF worked to rehabilitate the local healthcare centre in Kukerita, which was supplied with a generator to ensure power around the clock.
Year MSF first worked in the country: 1971.
|Meningitis vaccinations in response to an outbreak||224,600|
|Patients treated for malaria||18,100|
|No. staff in 2015||655|
|2015 Expenditure||€17.2 million|
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