Libya

Last updated 23 June 2017

Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) has run mobile clinics in seven detention centres located in Tripoli and the surrounding area since July 2016. The centres are under the administration of the Directorate for Combating Illegal Migration (DCIM).

MSF provides medical care to migrants, refugees and asylum seekers who are arbitrarily detained there. The conditions MSF treats include skin disease, diarrhoeal disease, respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections and acute malnutrition. They are the direct result of the appalling conditions in the detention centres. In the first quarter of 2017 alone, more than 4,000 medical consultations were carried out.

On 3 February 2017, European Union leaders met in Malta to discuss migration, with a view to closing the route from Libya to Italy by stepping up cooperation with the Libyan authorities. MSF expressed its concerns about the fate of people trapped in Libya or returned to the country.

With no safe and legal passage to Europe, thousands of people have attempted to cross the Mediterranean Sea. MSF teams aboard search and rescue boats have rescued more than 50,000 men, women and children, and documented firsthand accounts of the alarming level of violence and exploitation those desperate people experienced in Libya at the hands of security forces, militias, smuggling networks, criminal gangs and private individuals.

Activities  2015 International Activity Report

Since the end of the Muammar Gaddafi regime in 2011, Libya has been divided by armed conflict and the violence has escalated in recent years.

Libya had two governments: one based in the east in Tobruk, which was internationally recognised, and the other based in the west in Tripoli.

In 2015, the Islamic State group took control of the coastal city of Sirte and established a presence in several other cities such as Derna, while fighting continued between political factions in several areas. As a result, it became extremely difficult to maintain medical and drug supplies, foreign health workers evacuated and many hospitals and clinics were unable to function properly. However, MSF donated drugs and vaccines to hospitals in the cities of Al Beyda and Al Marj, and also improved hygiene conditions at Al Qubba hospital in the east.

MSF donated materials such as chlorine, masks and protective gloves to the local crisis committee at Al Marj, which is near the Mediterranean coast, to help cope with the bodies washing up on the shore there – people who had drowned while attempting to cross the sea.

As armed conflict continued in Benghazi, MSF increased the capacity of Al Abyar field hospital, located 60 kilometres from the city, so that it could stabilise the wounded. The team provided training in emergency care management in Al Abyar and Al Marj hospitals. MSF donated drugs to the only three functional hospitals in Benghazi, including Benghazi paediatric hospital, and provided regular donations to diabetic and renal centres. Between July and November, MSF distributed food to 2,400 displaced families in partnership with a Libyan NGO.

In November, MSF started supporting Zuwara hospital in western Libya with drugs, medical supplies, training and staff.

Year MSF first worked in the country: 2011.

2015 Key figures
Outpatient consultations 3,700
No. staff in 2015 140
2015 Expenditure €4.4 million

Figures from 2015 International Activity Report
and 2015 International Financial Report

Activity Reports

Financial Reports

 

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