Dhar el-Jebel detention center evacuation postponed
Libya remains fragmented by a decade of conflict and political instability. The breakdown of law and order, the collapse of the economy, and fighting have decimated the healthcare system.

Almost all people who attempt to cross the Mediterranean Sea pass through Libya. Between January and mid-August 2021, the EU-funded Libyan Coastguard intercepted over 22,000 people at sea and returned them to Libya. This has resulted in an increase in the number of people arbitrarily detained in detention centres, often in violent, inhumane conditions. 

MSF provides medical care and food and hygiene kits to people held in detention centres in the country’s northwest.

Migrants and refugees living outside detention centres are exposed to life-threatening risks, such as being held captive by trafficking networks in clandestine jails. Our teams provide healthcare to migrant communities outside of detention – including those who have escaped – in Tripoli and Bani Walid.

MSF also supports the Ministry of Health in its tuberculosis response; we provide technical support in Misrata and Tripoli, and provide diagnosis and treatment to patients in two facilities. We provide ante- and postnatal care to mostly Libyan women in Bani Walid.

Q&A with Libya HoM, Beatrice Lau _ENG
video

Libya Head of Mission, Beatrice Lau

Dire conditions for migrants and refugees in detention centres in Libya

Our returned Head of Mission Beatrice Lau describes the conditions for migrants and refugees in detention centers in Libya. MSF suspended activities in the detention centres in Tripoli in late June 2021, as a response to the level and rate of violence observed towards migrants and refugees held indefinitely in Libya’s detention centres. Despite this latest decision, efforts to intercept, forcibly return and arbitrarily detain men, women and children in detention centres in Libya are ongoing.

Our activities in 2020 in Libya

Data and information from the International Activity Report 2020.

MSF in Libya in 2020 In 2020, refugees, asylum seekers and migrants trapped in war-torn Libya were left even more vulnerable as armed conflict escalated and COVID-19 spread across the country.
Map of MSF activities in 2020 in Libya

Although some detention centres closed in 2020, thousands of men, women and children remained held in overcrowded, unsanitary conditions with little access to healthcare, insufficient food and drinking water, and no possibility of physical distancing. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) continued to provide medical and mental healthcare in detention centres in Tripoli, Khoms, Zliten, Zuwara and Zintan. Our teams also worked to improve access to water and other basic services, reinforce COVID-19 infection prevention and control measures and refer the most vulnerable cases to protection agencies.

In February, a 26-year-old Eritrean man lost his life when a fire broke out in the overcrowded Dhar El-Jebel detention centre in Zintan. We offered psychological support to survivors of the fire and distributed basic necessities to replace items they had lost, while reiterating our call for the end of arbitrary detention of migrants and refugees in Libya.

The vast majority of the estimated 650,000 migrants currently in Libya live on the streets, exposed to arbitrary arrest and detention, human trafficking, exploitation and severe violence. Most of those detained are in clandestine prisons and warehouses run by people smugglers rather than official centres. In Bani Walid, our teams offered general healthcare and medical referrals to refugees and migrants who had escaped from captivity, and to victims of torture and trafficking.

Throughout 2020, refugees and migrants were subjected to numerous violent attacks; for example, at disembarkation points where the Libyan coastguard forcibly returns those who try to flee. On 28 July, our teams responded with medical and psychological care after a shooting at a disembarkation site in Khoms that left three teenagers dead.

Tuberculosis (TB) care is another focus of our activities in Libya. Our teams work in three TB facilities: two in Tripoli and one in Misrata, a 17-bed clinic that we opened in March.

 

in 2020
 
Libya

Providing healthcare to detained refugees and migrants

Project Update 14 Dec 2016
 
Bourbon Argos Search and Rescue Operations November 2016
Mediterranean migration

10 things you need to know about the Mediterranean crisis

Project Update 2 Dec 2016
 
25 People Found Dead & 246 Rescued By MSF
Mediterranean migration

29 people found dead by MSF search and rescue ship Bourbon Argos

Press Release 26 Oct 2016
 
No respite from violence for refugees in Calais
France

Migrants fears pile up as pressure on Jungle camp builds

Project Update 19 Sep 2016
 
Al Marj Hospital, Libya
Libya

Strengthening quality of care in a health system destabilized by years of conflict

Project Update 16 Sep 2016
 
22 people lost their lives at sea and 209 rescued
Mediterranean migration

MSF doctor recounts finding deaths at sea

Voices from the Field 25 Jul 2016
 
Migrants Detention Centers Libya 2016
Photo Story

Trapped in transit - refugees, migrants and asylum seekers locked up in Libya

22 Jul 2016
Photo Story
 
Zwara, Libya
Libya

Zuwara is peaceful, but health is a major concern

Voices from the Field 27 May 2016
 
Zwara, Libya
Libya

Hospitals closed or operating on a reduced schedule

Interview 27 Apr 2016