Dhar el-Jebel detention center evacuation postponed
Libya remains fragmented by a decade of conflict and political instability. The breakdown of law and order, the collapse of the economy, and fighting have decimated the healthcare system.

Almost all people who attempt to cross the Mediterranean Sea pass through Libya. Between January and mid-August 2021, the EU-funded Libyan Coastguard intercepted over 22,000 people at sea and returned them to Libya. This has resulted in an increase in the number of people arbitrarily detained in detention centres, often in violent, inhumane conditions. 

MSF provides medical care and food and hygiene kits to people held in detention centres in the country’s northwest.

Migrants and refugees living outside detention centres are exposed to life-threatening risks, such as being held captive by trafficking networks in clandestine jails. Our teams provide healthcare to migrant communities outside of detention – including those who have escaped – in Tripoli and Bani Walid.

MSF also supports the Ministry of Health in its tuberculosis response; we provide technical support in Misrata and Tripoli, and provide diagnosis and treatment to patients in two facilities. We provide ante- and postnatal care to mostly Libyan women in Bani Walid.

Q&A with Libya HoM, Beatrice Lau _ENG
video

Libya Head of Mission, Beatrice Lau

Dire conditions for migrants and refugees in detention centres in Libya

Our returned Head of Mission Beatrice Lau describes the conditions for migrants and refugees in detention centers in Libya. MSF suspended activities in the detention centres in Tripoli in late June 2021, as a response to the level and rate of violence observed towards migrants and refugees held indefinitely in Libya’s detention centres. Despite this latest decision, efforts to intercept, forcibly return and arbitrarily detain men, women and children in detention centres in Libya are ongoing.

Our activities in 2020 in Libya

Data and information from the International Activity Report 2020.

MSF in Libya in 2020 In 2020, refugees, asylum seekers and migrants trapped in war-torn Libya were left even more vulnerable as armed conflict escalated and COVID-19 spread across the country.
Map of MSF activities in 2020 in Libya

Although some detention centres closed in 2020, thousands of men, women and children remained held in overcrowded, unsanitary conditions with little access to healthcare, insufficient food and drinking water, and no possibility of physical distancing. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) continued to provide medical and mental healthcare in detention centres in Tripoli, Khoms, Zliten, Zuwara and Zintan. Our teams also worked to improve access to water and other basic services, reinforce COVID-19 infection prevention and control measures and refer the most vulnerable cases to protection agencies.

In February, a 26-year-old Eritrean man lost his life when a fire broke out in the overcrowded Dhar El-Jebel detention centre in Zintan. We offered psychological support to survivors of the fire and distributed basic necessities to replace items they had lost, while reiterating our call for the end of arbitrary detention of migrants and refugees in Libya.

The vast majority of the estimated 650,000 migrants currently in Libya live on the streets, exposed to arbitrary arrest and detention, human trafficking, exploitation and severe violence. Most of those detained are in clandestine prisons and warehouses run by people smugglers rather than official centres. In Bani Walid, our teams offered general healthcare and medical referrals to refugees and migrants who had escaped from captivity, and to victims of torture and trafficking.

Throughout 2020, refugees and migrants were subjected to numerous violent attacks; for example, at disembarkation points where the Libyan coastguard forcibly returns those who try to flee. On 28 July, our teams responded with medical and psychological care after a shooting at a disembarkation site in Khoms that left three teenagers dead.

Tuberculosis (TB) care is another focus of our activities in Libya. Our teams work in three TB facilities: two in Tripoli and one in Misrata, a 17-bed clinic that we opened in March.

 

in 2020
 
Condemned to drown at sea or be locked up in Libya
Libya

Refugees returned to overcrowded Libyan detention centres

Project Update 23 Jan 2019
 
Condemned to drown at sea or be locked up in Libya
Libya

Open letter to the UN on the fate of refugees trapped in dangerous Libya

Open Letter 10 Dec 2018
 
Aquarius: denouncing and activity
Mediterranean migration

Aquarius forced to end operations as Europe condemns people to drown

Press Release 6 Dec 2018
 
Condemned to drown at sea or be locked up in Libya
Libya

Over 80 refugees and migrants forcibly disembarked in Misrata after 10-day standoff

Statement 23 Nov 2018
 
Journey to Valencia Spain
Mediterranean migration

The Aquarius Aquarium

msf-crash.org 13 Sep 2018
 
Condemned to drown at sea or be locked up in Libya
Mediterranean migration

Refugee Libya shipwreck survivors condemned to drown at sea or face arbitrary detention

Project Update 10 Sep 2018
 
Tripoli damaged building
Libya

Evacuation of refugees and migrants out of Libya is urgently needed

Press Release 7 Sep 2018
 
Libya: detention centres in Tripoli
Libya

Conflict in Tripoli puts lives in danger, demonstrating that Libya is not a place of safety

Press Release 31 Aug 2018
 
Rescue on MV Aquarius - June 2016
Mediterranean migration

Aquarius returns to Central Mediterranean: humanitarian assistance at sea desperately needed

Press Release 1 Aug 2018