Trapped in Danger
Libya remains fragmented by conflict and fighting continues in several parts of the country. The breakdown of law and order, the economic collapse and the existence of three governments has had a severe impact on the healthcare system.

Almost all the men, women and children who attempt to cross the Mediterranean Sea have passed through Libya.

Teams who worked on search and rescue operations in the Mediterranean heard accounts of the alarming levels of violence and exploitation people experienced in Libya at the hands of security forces, militias, smuggling networks, and criminal gangs.

We run mobile clinics in migrant detention centres located in and around Tripoli. Medical complaints are mostly related to appalling conditions inside the dangerously overcrowded detention centres: lice, scabies and flees are rife and significant numbers of detainees suffer from nutritional deficiencies and the lack of safe drinking water.

MSF teams are currently responding to the coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic in the country.

Our activities in 2020 in Libya

Data and information from the International Activity Report 2020.

MSF in Libya in 2020 In 2020, refugees, asylum seekers and migrants trapped in war-torn Libya were left even more vulnerable as armed conflict escalated and COVID-19 spread across the country.
Map of MSF activities in 2020 in Libya

Although some detention centres closed in 2020, thousands of men, women and children remained held in overcrowded, unsanitary conditions with little access to healthcare, insufficient food and drinking water, and no possibility of physical distancing. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) continued to provide medical and mental healthcare in detention centres in Tripoli, Khoms, Zliten, Zuwara and Zintan. Our teams also worked to improve access to water and other basic services, reinforce COVID-19 infection prevention and control measures and refer the most vulnerable cases to protection agencies.

In February, a 26-year-old Eritrean man lost his life when a fire broke out in the overcrowded Dhar El-Jebel detention centre in Zintan. We offered psychological support to survivors of the fire and distributed basic necessities to replace items they had lost, while reiterating our call for the end of arbitrary detention of migrants and refugees in Libya.

The vast majority of the estimated 650,000 migrants currently in Libya live on the streets, exposed to arbitrary arrest and detention, human trafficking, exploitation and severe violence. Most of those detained are in clandestine prisons and warehouses run by people smugglers rather than official centres. In Bani Walid, our teams offered general healthcare and medical referrals to refugees and migrants who had escaped from captivity, and to victims of torture and trafficking.

Throughout 2020, refugees and migrants were subjected to numerous violent attacks; for example, at disembarkation points where the Libyan coastguard forcibly returns those who try to flee. On 28 July, our teams responded with medical and psychological care after a shooting at a disembarkation site in Khoms that left three teenagers dead.

Tuberculosis (TB) care is another focus of our activities in Libya. Our teams work in three TB facilities: two in Tripoli and one in Misrata, a 17-bed clinic that we opened in March.

 

in 2020
 
Trapped in Danger
Photo Story

Trading in suffering: detention, exploitation and abuse in Libya

23 Dec 2019
Photo Story
 
Ocean Viking - Rotation 3 - Rescue 3
Mediterranean migration

European leaders must urgently allow disembarkation of 104 survivors

Press Release 28 Oct 2019
 
Migrants and refugees in Zintan and Gharyan detention centres in Libya
Libya

Closure of detention centre exposes migrants and refugees to even worse conditions

Press Release 17 Oct 2019
 
Ocean Viking - Kubro, Rotation 2, Standby International Waters
Mediterranean migration

Ocean Viking survivors to disembark in Lampedusa six days after the first survivors were rescued at sea

Press Release 14 Sep 2019
 
Message from Ocean Viking
Mediterranean migration

Ocean Viking rescue survivors finally offered place of safety

Press Release 23 Aug 2019
 
MSF medical activities on board
Mediterranean migration

“He just kept running, despite the wound and the bleeding”

Voices from the Field 22 Aug 2019
 
Ocean Viking First Rescue - August 9
Mediterranean migration

On board the Ocean Viking: “We feel humbled by their courage”

Voices from the Field 19 Aug 2019
 
Ocean Viking First Rescue - August 9
Mediterranean migration

Place of safety needed for 356 people rescued in Central Mediterranean

Press Release 13 Aug 2019
 
Aquarius__People leaving for Maltese boat
Mediterranean migration

Europe must act now to end preventable deaths in Libya and at sea

Op-Ed 6 Aug 2019