Tabarak Allah hospital - Gedaref, Sudan
Kala azar, or visceral leishmaniasis, is the second deadliest parasitic disease in the world – only malaria kills more people.

A neglected tropical disease, kala azar is caused by a parasite, spread to humans through the bite of infected female sand flies. It attacks the immune system and is almost always fatal if not treated.

Also known as visceral leishmaniasis, kala azar is the most serious form of leishmaniasis and is endemic in 76 countries, with hundreds of millions at risk of infection. There are between 50,000 and 90,000 new cases a year, about 90 per cent of which occur in Brazil, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan. Between 1989 and 2020, MSF teams treated nearly 150,000 people for kala azar; over a third in South Sudan.

Diagnosis and treatment of the disease, especially of the variety found in eastern Africa, can be complex and painful.

 
Somalia

A circus of pain and relief - kala azar in Somalia

Project Update 8 May 2007
 
Ethiopia

Deadly kala azar is still forgotten

Press Release 30 Apr 2007
 
Neglected diseases

Kala azar kills thousands each year

Project Update 10 Nov 2006
 
Kala azar

In southern Sudan, this tree is the only hospital for miles

Project Update 5 Apr 2006
 
Ethiopia

Better access to treatment for Ethiopian kala azar patients

Project Update 6 Mar 2006
 
Ethiopia

Kala azar complicates HIV/AIDS treatment in Humera

Project Update 28 Oct 2005
 
Ethiopia

Kala azar outbreak in Ethiopia as rainy season begins

Project Update 27 Jun 2005
 
Kala azar

Drugs for Neglected Diseases Initiative (DNDi): matching needs and opportunities

Project Update 2 Jul 2004
 
South Sudan

Kala-Azar epidemic threatens thousands in South Sudan

Press Release 22 Dec 2003
 
Sudan

Heavy rains in northern Sudan leave kala azar project virtually isolated

Project Update 19 Sep 2003
 
DNDi

DNDi diseases focus

Project Update 3 Jul 2003
 
Kala azar

Drugs for neglected diseases

Project Update 1 Jul 2003
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