Tabarak Allah hospital - Gedaref, Sudan
Kala azar, or visceral leishmaniasis, is the second deadliest parasitic disease in the world – only malaria kills more people.

A neglected tropical disease, kala azar is caused by a parasite, spread to humans through the bite of infected female sand flies. It attacks the immune system and is almost always fatal if not treated.

Also known as visceral leishmaniasis, kala azar is the most serious form of leishmaniasis and is endemic in 76 countries, with hundreds of millions at risk of infection. There are between 50,000 and 90,000 new cases a year, about 90 per cent of which occur in Brazil, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan. Between 1989 and 2020, MSF teams treated nearly 150,000 people for kala azar; over a third in South Sudan.

Diagnosis and treatment of the disease, especially of the variety found in eastern Africa, can be complex and painful.

 
South Sudan

Southern Sudan in grips of worst kala azar outbreak in eight years.

Press Release 16 Dec 2010
 
Bangladesh

Slum conditions in Bangladesh pose health hazards, and malnutrition is a sign of other illnesses

Project Update 13 Oct 2010
 
South Sudan

MSF increases capacity in response to kala azar outbreak in South Sudan

Project Update 23 Aug 2010
 
Kala Azar treatment in Fulbaria
Bangladesh

Hope for kala azar sufferers in Bangladesh

Press Release 18 Jun 2010
 
South Sudan

Facing up to reality: Health crisis deepens as violence escalates in Southern Sudan

Report 11 Dec 2009
 
South Sudan

MSF responds to serious kala azar outbreak in southern Sudan

Project Update 6 Nov 2009
 
Pakistan

The strain on the host families is tremendous: Internal displacement from the Swat valley

Project Update 28 Aug 2009
 
Kenya

If you can prick a finger, you can test for kala azar

Project Update 9 Feb 2009
 
India

More dead than alive - surviving kala azar

Project Update 24 Jul 2008
 
Sudan

MSF activities still remain high in southern Sudan

Project Update 8 Jan 2008
 
Somalia

Increasing numbers, unchanging needs

Project Update 20 Aug 2007
 
India

The disease of the 'untouchables'

Project Update 10 Aug 2007
Advanced HIV management in Homa Bay
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