Refugees from North-Eastern Syria in Iraq
After years of armed conflict and instability, the health sector in Iraq is struggling to meet the dire needs.

Many health facilities that are still operating lack much-needed medical services and supplies and suffer a shortage of healthcare specialists.

The humanitarian needs in Iraq remain extremely high. More than a million people are still internally displaced and significant barriers are preventing them from returning to their homes; some of them having lived ‘temporarily’ in camps for years without adequate access to basic services. Thousands of displaced people who managed to return home desperately lack medical care and other basic services.

The COVID-19 outbreak in Iraq has exacerbated the country’s under-resourced healthcare system. 

Currently, our teams provide medical assistance in three Iraqi governorates.

Why are we here?

Our activities in 2020 in Iraq

Data and information from the International Activity Report 2020. 

MSF in Iraq in 2020 In 2020, the arrival of COVID-19 in Iraq presented new challenges to a country still reeling from the effects of years of conflict and instability.
Map of activities in Iraq

MSF responded to multiple health emergencies across Iraq in 2020, providing care to thousands of people displaced by the war against the Islamic State group, protesters injured in violent clashes with security forces, and patients with COVID-19. We also supported the national health system, which is still in the early stages of reconstruction, by filling gaps in essential healthcare. 

Supporting emergency preparedness 
The mass demonstrations that started at the end of 2019 continued into 2020, prompting MSF to launch an emergency intervention in Najaf, Dhi Qar and Basra governorates to respond to an increase in the number of patients with violence-related injuries. In Najaf, we ran training in mass casualty planning at three local hospitals to help staff deal with a sudden influx of patients. In Nasiriyah, our teams supported the emergency room of Al-Hussein hospital with training on trauma care, focusing on critical injuries and resuscitation. Teams in Basra provided training on emergency preparedness at city level, as well as trauma training for paramedics, in collaboration with the Department of Health. 

COVID-19 response 
As many health facilities damaged in recent years have yet to be rebuilt or rehabilitated and returned to full capacity, and there is a shortage of specialised healthcare staff and drugs, it was immediately clear that the health system would struggle to cope with the increased needs and challenges generated by the pandemic. We therefore decided to maintain our lifesaving medical activities while strengthening infection prevention and control measures, and putting in place triage and referral procedures to protect our patients and staff.  

In Baghdad, the city hit hardest by the virus, we supported Ibn Al-Khateeb hospital, a facility run by the Ministry of Health. When it was identified as one of the three main hospitals for COVID-19 care in the early stages of the pandemic, we sent a team to train medical staff on patient triage and infection prevention and control. We also supported the capital’s Al-Kindi hospital by treating patients with severe cases. At the beginning of the outbreak, our staff worked in the hospital’s respiratory care unit (which included beds for patients in intensive care). Later in the year, we opened our own 24-bed ward, and then gradually moved to a 36-bed ward in a purpose-built wing.    

We also supported the response to the outbreak in Mosul, in Ninewa governorate, temporarily transforming our 64-bed post-operative care facility in the east of the city into a COVID-19 treatment centre for suspected and confirmed cases. In mid-November, we opened an additional 15-bed intensive care unit at Al-Salam hospital to offer advanced care for patients with critical and severe forms of the virus.  

At other facilities in Ninewa, as well as in Erbil, Diyala, Kirkuk and Dohuk governorates, we provided training sessions, with a focus on infection control. In addition, we set up a 20-bed isolation unit and treatment facility at Laylan displacement camp in Kirkuk, in preparation for a potential spike in COVID-19 cases. 

Essential healthcare for vulnerable communities  
In the rest of the country, we continued to run general and specialist health services at our ongoing projects for displaced people, returnees and vulnerable communities. In all locations, including our COVID-19 centres, we maintained our emergency room and mental health services.  

As a result of the pandemic and the closure of private clinics, our maternity and paediatric teams in west Mosul and Sinuni saw a sharp increase in demand for care and admissions.  

In Ninewa, we provided emergency and intensive care, burns treatment, physiotherapy and mental healthcare at our hospital in Qayyarah, until October, when we handed over all our activities to local government hospitals. As part of the process, we trained staff and donated medical supplies and other equipment. Until October, at the Qayyarah displacement camp, MSF also offered general healthcare, maternity services, and treatment and follow-up for non-communicable diseases, until we handed over our activities to another organisation.  

We also had teams working in general healthcare centres in the towns of Hawija and Al-Abasi in Kirkuk governorate, and in Sinsil Al-Muqdadiya in Diyala governorate, where we supported maternity services, sexual and reproductive healthcare, treatment for non-communicable diseases, health promotion and mental healthcare. Our general healthcare services were also available in Laylan camp (Kirkuk), until its closure in November, and in Alwand and Sinsil camps (Diyala), until August, when MSF handed over these activities to the Department of Health and other organisations. 

In Baghdad, MSF continued to collaborate with the national tuberculosis (TB) programme, with the introduction of a new, more effective oral treatment for drug-resistant TB. 

Due to the COVID-19 outbreak, we were forced to temporarily suspend our activities at the Baghdad medical rehabilitation centre, where people injured in violent incidents or accidents receive comprehensive care, including mental health support. However, we were able to maintain our support to patients through online physiotherapy and mental health consultations, for example using Skype, and restarted activities later in the year.  

 

In 2020
 
Iraq

Reestablishing leadership is the pressing medical need in Iraq

Project Update 25 Apr 2003
 
Iraq

MSF medical diagnosis on Iraq

Project Update 23 Apr 2003
 
Iraq

Freed aid workers tell of prison torture

In the Media 13 Apr 2003
 
Iraq

MSF calls on Iraqi authorities to do all they can to bring about the immediate release of two volunteers

Press Release 7 Apr 2003
 
Iraq

MSF supports casualty staff in Baghdad hospital

Project Update 24 Mar 2003
 
Iraq

Humanitarian concerns in the war in Iraq

Project Update 21 Mar 2003

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13 June 2018