Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh three years after their exodus

Bangladesh

Hundreds of thousands of Rohingya are living in Bangladesh after fleeing targeted violence in Myanmar.

Cox’s Bazar district in Bangladesh has hosted Rohingya refugees fleeing targeted violence in neighbouring Myanmar's Rakhine state since 1978. The latest violence, which began in August 2017, has provoked an unprecedented exodus, forcing hundreds of thousands of people to live in camps with deteriorating conditions. Around 860,000 Rohingya refugees live over a surface of 26 square kilometres.

At present, we are providing medical care in two districts: Dhaka and Cox’s Bazar, while working to maintain our regular medical response. The current intervention in Cox’s Bazar started in 2009, when Kutupalong field hospital was established to serve both refugees and the local community.

In August 2017, we scaled up activities and now run nine health facilities across Cox’s Bazar district, including three hospitals, three primary health centres and two specialised clinics. 

Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) teams are responding to the coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic in Bangladesh.

Why are we here?

Our activities in 2021 in Bangladesh

Data and information from the International Activity Report 2021.

MSF in Bangladesh in 2021 In Bangladesh, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) runs healthcare programmes for refugees in Cox’s Bazar, who fled recurrent targeted violence in Rakhine State by the Myanmar military, and for vulnerable communities in Dhaka’s slums.
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In 2021, we also supported the COVID-19 response.

COVID-19 emergency response
Between July and October, we set up and ran an emergency 16-bed COVID-19 treatment centre for people with moderate-to-severe symptoms. MSF also supported the only government-run vaccination campaign in a refugee setting in Bangladesh, and assisted with staff recruitment and training.

Cox’s Bazar
Across 10 facilities, we provide a range of specialist healthcare to address some of the vast health needs of more than 920,000 Rohingya refugees living in the camps, as well as a growing number of patients from the host community. Services include general healthcare, treatment of chronic diseases, such as diabetes and hypertension, emergency care for trauma patients and women’s healthcare. We also upgraded water and sanitation in the camps.

In 2021, our teams continued to witness the medical consequences of deteriorating camp conditions. Dire water and sanitation services, fires, flooding and movement restrictions all affect the ability of Rohingya to live in dignity. MSF is the largest provider of specialist psychiatric care for people suffering from severe mental health conditions, such as psychosis and anxiety disorders, which often stem from living in the camp environment and a sense of hopelessness about their future.

During the year, we handed over some of our activities to local organisations, including an extensive water network powered by solar energy.

Kamrangirchar
We run two clinics in Kamrangirchar district, in the capital, Dhaka, offering reproductive healthcare, and medical and psychological treatment for victims of sexual and gender-based violence.

We also provide occupational health services, which include treatment for workers diagnosed with diseases linked to their work environment, as well as preventive care and risk assessment in factories. Our medical assistance is tailored to the needs of people working in extremely hazardous conditions.

 

In 2021
 
Bangladesh

Team returns to projects after bomb blasts

Project Update 30 Aug 2005
 
Bangladesh

Five hour hikes common when assisting remote populations in Chittagong hills

Project Update 19 Jul 2004
 
Myanmar

Thousands of refugees harassed to return to Myanmar

Press Release 17 Sep 2003
 
Neglected diseases

New drug for visceral leishmaniasis is first step in tackling neglected diseases - but much more must be done

Press Release 21 Jun 2002
 
Rohingya refugee crisis

Ten Years for the Rohingya Refugees: Past, present and future

Report 1 Apr 2002
 
Rohingya refugee crisis

Rohingya refugees - testimonies

Project Update 1 Apr 2002

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4 December 2018