Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB)

A course of treatment for uncomplicated tuberculosis takes a minimum of six months. When patients are resistant to the two most powerful first-line antibiotics (isoniazid and rifampicin), they are considered to have multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB).

Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) is identified when patients show resistance to the second-line drugs administered for MDR-TB. The treatment options for XDR-TB are very limited. Two new drugs – bedaquiline and delamanid – have recently become available to some patients who have no other treatment options left.

For more information, please see tuberculosis.

Georgia
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Press release
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Report
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Interview
Interview with Tetyana Pylypenko, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) Medical Team Leader. "The project...
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Report
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Press release
Out of Step DR-TB Report BARCELONA, Spain — Outmoded policies and practices and critical gaps...
Patient story
Gibson Chijaka, 16, was recently cured of DR-TB
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Examining the experiences of patients and staff involved in the ‘TB & ME’ blogging project...
Factsheet
Linezolid Fact Sheet
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South African authorities allow importation of successful drug to combat TB
Video
Phumeza Tisile, a former XDR-TB patient, takes the ‘Test Me, Treat Me’ Drug-Resistant...
Gallery
An amazing week with Phumeza Tisile at the World Health Assembly

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