Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB)

A course of treatment for uncomplicated tuberculosis takes a minimum of six months. When patients are resistant to the two most powerful first-line antibiotics (isoniazid and rifampicin), they are considered to have multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB).

Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) is identified when patients show resistance to the second-line drugs administered for MDR-TB. The treatment options for XDR-TB are very limited. Two new drugs – bedaquiline and delamanid – have recently become available to some patients who have no other treatment options left.

For more information, please see tuberculosis.

Updates
The paediatric TB project in Dushanbe starts its first patient on a new treatment, and more about...
Gallery
South Africa has one of the highest burdens of Tuberculosis (TB) and (Drug Resistant) DR-TB in the...
Press release
“The lack of solid data and evidence on the safety and efficacy of the new TB drugs means that only...
Patient story
"I'm happy I got this treatment, because I couldn't even walk back then," she says, "but if I see...
Testimony
“These new drugs are really the last life-line for patients who have ran out of all other options”...
Gallery
MSF is one of the biggest non-governmental providers of tuberculosis (TB) treatment – including for...
Georgia
Tuberculosis (TB) is a major challenge in Georgia, with many people suffering from multi-drug...
Press release
MSF urges Indian Prime Minister not to cave to pressure from EU to accept trade deal that could...
Press release
“TB is curable, yet it is now the infectious disease that kills the most people in the world,” said...
Press release
"The price for delamanid needs to come down to an affordable level, and Otsuka should also register...
Report
Download the complete report (pdf) Geneva/Cape Town – Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) and the...
Interview
Interview with Tetyana Pylypenko, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) Medical Team Leader. "The project...
Month in Focus
SYRIA – A humanitairan failure EBOLA - Remain vigilant ETHIOPIA – The plight of women refugees MDR-...
Article
Fewer than 1,000 people worldwide have been able to access the two new TB drugs – just a fraction...
Report
A survey of eight countries reveals that efforts to control the epidemic are out of step with...
Press release
Out of Step DR-TB Report BARCELONA, Spain — Outmoded policies and practices and critical gaps...

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