Somalia: Responding to Greater Needs in Galgaduud
In large parts of south and central Somalia, where malnutrition rates are high, ongoing conflict makes it difficult for international organisations like MSF to operate at full capacity. Where we can work, our doctors face immense pressure due to the large numbers of people who need emergency assistance.
Dr Faiza Adan Abdirahman is the medical doctor in charge of the paediatric department at Istarlin hospital, where MSF has been working since January 2006. She spoke by phone on August 30.
I’m in charge of the paediatric department, where I deal with newborns and children up to the age of 14. Our main focus at the moment is the large number of malnourished children coming to us.
The children we’re treating are severely sick. [Today] it’s only 3pm and we’ve already admitted 70 children. These are children who are so ill that they can’t even take medicine on their own. In our outpatient department, we are receiving a lot of patients.
Before the droughts, less than 20 percent of our patients were malnourished, but now the number is closer to 50 percent. With malnourishment, come all manner of other diseases. Many of these children are suffering from watery diarrhoea and pneumonia. We’re also seeing other problems and complications such as measles and renal and heart problems.
For children whose condition is critical and a second medical opinion is necessary, we use telemedicine technology to connect with a paediatric specialist based in Nairobi. We have been holding real-time medical consultations between Guri El and Nairobi since last December. So far the results have been positive.
A lot of the children we’re treating are very young, of breastfeeding age. Breast milk contains vital antibodies that babies need to fight off infection, and without it, they’re left defenceless. But we’re in a situation where mothers themselves have nothing to eat and, as a result, are not producing milk. This means children aren’t being breastfed and are left vulnerable. We’re seeing the results of this on a daily basis.
Let me tell you about one patient we’re currently treating: Seven-year-old Bishaaro was brought to us in a very bad state. She was weak and had ulcers all across her body, which were all infected. She also had liver problems, was severely anaemic and, after we ran some tests, we found she also had kala azar, which is a tropical disease transmitted by sand flies that is deadly if left untreated.
We started treating her immediately, giving her medicine and a blood transfusion. But then she started bleeding from her nose and her mouth. She lost so much blood that we had to give her a second blood transfusion. Bishaaro is getting better now and her bleeding stopped. We all have high hopes that she’ll recover fully and go home soon.
We’re facing a lot of challenges here at the moment, so many, in fact, that we’d probably be here all day if I listed them all. We have parents who are opting for traditional medicine when their children fall ill, with traditional doctors burning and cutting the children’s skin in an attempt to heal them. These wounds get infected and, as these children’s defences haven’t fully developed, they either die or come to us in terrible shape with all sorts of infections.
We have parents taking away their children before they complete their treatment, and then returning them to us when their condition has deteriorated even further.
Most of all, space is the biggest issue. We’re currently treating the largest number of patients at the hospital since I’ve been working here, and space is at a premium. We are over capacity and are constantly working out ways of keeping malnourished patients apart from those suffering from TB or measles. Putting them together is simply not an option.
Despite all these major challenges, lives are being saved and we are able to assist these children, many of whom would have died.
To respond to the increasing needs in Guri El town, MSF teams started running mobile feeding clinics, distributing water and relief items in several locations where internally displaced people are gathered.
Since January 2006, MSF has been working in Guri El’s 80-bed Istarlin hospital which provides outpatient services for adults and children and inpatient services including a paediatric ward, a female ward, an operating theatre and surgical ward. Also in Galgaduud, MSF runs one health post in Dhusa Mareb, the other in Hindere.
MSF has worked continuously in Somalia since 1991 and currently provides free medical care in eight regions. Over 1,400 Somali staff, supported by approximately 100 staff in Nairobi, provide free primary healthcare, surgery, treatment for malnutrition, as well as support to displaced people through health care, water supply and relief items distributions in nine locations in south and central Somalia. MSF is also providing medical care to Somali refugees in Kenya (Dagahaley and Ifo camps) and Ethiopia (Liben).