No access, no medicine: the quandary of malaria patients in rural South Sudan
Nyanog Adem is a 32-year-old mother of six. She comes from Ariath village, north of Aweil town in Northern Bahr el Ghazal State, South Sudan. She trekked 15 kilometres to the MSF health centre in Majangkar, Pamat. Her fourth son, Akwe Nyanog, had been ill for a week, but in the two days prior to his admission to the health centre, his condition had worsened, with high fever and general body weakness and fatigue. So, together with her youngest son, too young to be left at home, she made her way to the only place she thought she would get help - the MSF health centre. Asked about other health centres close to her village, she remarks:
“Only this MSF medical facility is the solution. Each time my children are sick, I rush them here. This is the only accessible, good facility I rely on. Others are there but without medicine, they only prescribe and ask me to buy from the clinic. I have no money and Aweil hospital is very far and I cannot afford the cost for the public transport to get there.”
Unfortunately, Akwe was diagnosed with malaria and malnutrition, and had to be admitted to undergo treatment for both diseases. Whenever her children fall sick, Nyanog has to make the 15 km journey on foot to Majangkar health centre as she cannot afford the exorbitant travel costs. On her way, she stops over to ask for water to quench her thirst and that of her children before embarking on her health-seeking journey.
“I have no money to pay for transport or buy food. Nor do I have animals to provide my children with milk and food. I’m a cultivator, but the rains have affected the last season’s crop; we need food, water-boreholes, schools, for our children. It is very bad here, many basic needs are lacking,” concludes Nyanog.
“They are sick with diseases we can treat, but they come in terminal stages, and we have lost lives…”
Malaria is endemic in many parts of South Sudan and many people die during the rainy season, when the number of malaria cases increase. Those in the outer regions of the country can neither access malaria treatment due to the distance to main town hospitals, nor can they afford malaria medicine.
“It’s very discouraging to receive people who are very sick,” says Denis Oyori, MSF’s head of nursing activities in Pamat, Northern Bahr el Ghazal. “They are sick with diseases we can treat, but they come in terminal stages, and we have lost lives…”
Like Nyanog, many people in remote areas of South Sudan have been cut off from health services. Antimalarial drugs do not reach them and their families especially during the rainy season, when malaria infection is rampant.