Medical: Cholera

© Aurelie Baumel / MSF

Although most people infected with cholera will have only a mild infection, the illness can also be severe, causing profuse watery diarrhoea and vomiting that lead to severe dehydration and, without rapid treatment, death. Required treatment is the immediate replacement of fluid and salts with a rehydration solution administered orally or intravenously.

MSF has developed cholera treatment kits to provide rapid assistance, and sets up cholera treatment centres in areas where there are outbreaks. Control and prevention measures include ensuring an adequate supply of safe drinking water and implementing strict hygiene practices.