"We literally ran from camp to camp, vaccinating, but the measles moved faster than we could. In the last camp along the road it got among the malnourished children. One in ten of them died." - MSF field doctor, Sudan Each year, about one million people die of measles. Most of these are young children. Unless the population has been recently immunised, measles is usually one of the five major causes of death in an emergency situation. The others are diarrhoea, malnutrition, malaria and pneumonia or acute respiratory tract infections. The symptoms of measles are high fever, sore red eyes, cough, and a fine rash of small spots that covers the body.