Main findings: Left with no choice
6 May 2003
The main purpose of this survey was to identify the most vulnerable families in order to provide them with alternative housing in the perspective of the planned closure of tented camps. A total of 16,499 persons were seen and counted by MSF monitors (out of the 19,035 people reported by the Chechen refugees) and 3209 families interviewed for the survey, covering almost all the refugee population living in eight tent camps (including Logovaz, Rassviet, and Uchkhoz). Only 39 families were not interviewed as they were not found after repeated visits. More than 98% of the interviewed population, do not want to return to Chechnya in the near future. Insecurity is the main reason why Chechen refugees families from Chechnya do not want to go back to Chechnya. 93% of those who declare they do not want to go back to Chechnya express fear for their family's safety. Lack of housing in Chechnya is the second main reason why the Chechen refugees do not want to go back to Chechnya. 74 % of families stated having no home in Chechnya as a reason for not going back. Humanitarian Aid is not a decisive element in people's choice to go back to Chechnya or to stay in Ingushetia. 88 % of families did not talk about aid at all as a reason for them not to go back to Chechnya. Most families interviewed continue to live in poor conditions, with 54% of families living in tents that either leak, do not have cold protection or even have no floor. Out of the 98% of families who do not plan to go back to Chechnya, 90% do not know of an alternative shelter where they can stay in Ingushetia. This represents 2827 families out of 3151 families, or 14,443 people, that are in need of immediate shelter. In spite of this, it is visible in the camps that families have been returning to Chechnya, without prior knowledge of possible alternative shelter. Till this day the provision of alternative shelter in Ingushetia continues to be blocked.