High mortality rates
MSF Report:<BR> Angola: Pretence of normality
9 November 2000
Poor sanitation conditions in the cities, difficulties in accessing care and the nutritional problems has serious consequences on the health status of the population. A number of retrospective mortality surveys carried out by MSF reveal mortality rates largely higher than acceptable alert thresholds.
An MSF study carried out in March 2000 in Kaala showed high mortality rates: 1.68 per 10,000 persons per day within the displaced population, significantly higher than the alert threshold of 1/10,000/day. The mortality rate amongst the under-5s is also alarming with an average of 3.1/10,000/day, much higher than that usually accepted for this age bracket (Ã?£ 2). The situation for the resident population is almost as serious, in particular amongst the under-5s, for which the mortality rate is 2.13/10,000/day.
An MSF survey in Lombe in July 2000 showed a mortality rate of 1.4/10,000/day for the general population and 2.66/10,000/day for the under-5's.
Investigation in June 2000 in Kuito showed some even higher rates amongst the under-5s: 4.3/10,000/day for displaced children and 2/10,000/day for the resident children. The mortality rate among the adult population was1.7/10,000/day.