High mortality rates
Poor sanitation conditions in the cities, difficulties in accessing care and the nutritional problems has serious consequences on the health status of the population. A number of retrospective mortality surveys carried out by MSF reveal mortality rates largely higher than acceptable alert thresholds.
- An MSF study carried out in March 2000 in Kaala showed high mortality rates: 1.68 per 10,000 persons per day within the displaced population, significantly higher than the alert threshold of 1/10,000/day. The mortality rate amongst the under-5s is also alarming with an average of 3.1/10,000/day, much higher than that usually accepted for this age bracket (Ã?£ 2). The situation for the resident population is almost as serious, in particular amongst the under-5s, for which the mortality rate is 2.13/10,000/day.
- An MSF survey in Lombe in July 2000 showed a mortality rate of 1.4/10,000/day for the general population and 2.66/10,000/day for the under-5's.
- Investigation in June 2000 in Kuito showed some even higher rates amongst the under-5s: 4.3/10,000/day for displaced children and 2/10,000/day for the resident children. The mortality rate among the adult population was1.7/10,000/day.