Those who, through their propaganda, had urged the Hutu population to commit genocide were still walking around in the camps, manipulating the refugees through their control of the information channels and perpetuating extremism among the population. The militarisation of the region continued, with the camps being turned into strategic bases for nightly incursions into Rwanda and possible further attacks on the neighbouring country.
In the same year, ethnic tensions in the Masisi area, North Kivu, broke out again4 between the local Hunde and the Banyarwanda, heightened this time by extremist Hutu elements of the Rwandan refugee population. The fighting which began in June 1995 reached peaks of violence in November. In addition, as a consequence of the Rwandan ethnic conflict spilling over into Zaire, Tutsis became direct targets from all sides. Between July 1994 and the end of 1995, 38,000 Tutsis had been forced to flee to Rwanda5.
© Remco Bohle
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In 1995, I was working with the Office for International Migrations. We were repatriating the Tutsis from Masisi, who were saying that they were going home because their 'brothers' had retaken the country - even the priests abandoned the churches.