'Sand devils' they call them. Small whirlwinds that sweep across the dimensionless plain, sucking the sand into twenty-metre-high spirals and blowing it away. Coupled with a strong rising wind, they are a real source of hardship to the Afghans in Zhare Dasht - which is not just the name of the region but also of a new accommodation for 60,000 Afghans due to be transferred here by the UNHCR from the Pakistan-Afghan border.
©Chris de Bode
This year, over 1.5 million Afghans have already come back. No-one had anticipated such high figures. All these people need food, shelter, drinking water and jobs. The country is nowhere near able to handle this. Many have simply exchanged one calamitous situation for another and are desperately searching for any means of survival - also in the South, where the persistent drought creates further complications. Many Afghans have lost their livestock to this four-year-long drought. The Kutchis, Afghan nomads, have been hit particularly hard because they depend on camels, donkeys, goats and sheep.